While wrinkles are bothersome, dealing with scars on the face is frequently even more difficult because the scar may remind an individual of a traumatic event. Although a scar is permanent, there are a variety of treatments available to reduce their size and diminish their appearance. The type of scar typically determines which treatment will provide you with the best results.

What Causes a Scar to Form?

Following an injury, fibrin and collagen bind together to begin the healing process. If the deep layer of skin (dermis) is damaged, a scar will most likely form. However, a scar may not form if only the top layer of skin (epidermis) sustained damage.

Other factors that determine whether a scar will form include:  

  • The size, depth and location of the wound.
  • Age plays a significant role in the formation of scars: The younger you are, the more resilient your skin and the less likely you are to develop a scar.
  • The color, type and thickness of your skin.

Types of Scars

Keloid Scars

Keloid scars occur due to overly aggressive healing. These scars are typically raised with a smooth top. They form beyond the boundary of the wound and appear purple or pink in color. People who have dark skin are more likely to develop this type of scarring.

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Hypertrophic Scars

These scars are like keloid scars; however, they do not form beyond the wound’s boundary.

Atrophic Scars (Acne Scars)

Atrophic scars may appear angular, wavelike or look like deep pits in the skin: These are the most common type of facial scar. Although frequently referred to as ‘acne scars,’ atrophic scars also form after scratching the itchy, blister-like rash that appears when an individual contracts the varicella virus (chicken pox).

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Contracture Scars

This type of scarring is common when an individual is burned. This scar causes the damaged skin to become tight. Since the muscles and nerves are frequently affected when these scars form, an individual may lose flexibility and have difficulty moving the damaged area(s).

Treating Scars

Although some scars do require assistance from a dermatologist, estheticians can perform a variety of treatments to reduce the appearance of facial scarring.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are similar to microdermabrasion treatments in that they remove the uppermost layer of skin to reveal the new skin beneath. Just as with microdermabrasion, the top layers of a scar will be removed with this treatment. However, to achieve the best results possible, a series of chemical peels must be performed. When compared to the microdermabrasion technique, chemical peels tend to provide faster results.

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Microdermabrasion

This treatment involves exfoliating the epidermis (top layer of skin). If a facial scar is raised, the raised portion is also removed. Microdermabrasion treatments must be performed multiple times.

 

Carbon Dioxide Laser Treatment

Carbon dioxide laser treatments can smooth scars and lighten discolorations on the face. This treatment works quickly; however, when compared to the other treatments listed here, it does require the most downtime.

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If you have facial scars that you would like to diminish, an esthetician in your area may be able to help.

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